There are two basic forms of acoustic treatments, though these have variations as well. The acoustic treatments are called diffusers and reflectors. Every type of acoustic treatment has a specific role to play and has applications in commercial, industrial and residential locations. The distinction between diffusers and reflectors needs to be understood in order to design sound functions and acoustics for different settings.
The different features of sound
When we talk about sound, it is mainly vibrations that are emitted at different frequencies. These are picked up by our ears and translated accordingly or by the recording devices. The study of acoustics and sound waves is a complex one. It is necessary to understand the way acoustics of sound interaction with the environment. Sound reacts to the kind of materials in a given space that lay between the destination as well as the source of a sound. These principles are put to practice when recording studios are designed.
Reflector acoustic treatment
This is a way of dispersing reflections of sounds. The reverberation of a sound reaches our ears with a millisecond lapse after a sound is played. Reflectors are designed of different materials like foam or curved plywood. These are designed in order to absorb as well as redirect high frequency or mid frequency sounds. Reflectors are installed on the back walls of recording studios in order to capture the high frequency sounds and to redirect the same before it gets to our ears. In this way the sound effects are modified in recording studios.
In order to scatter a sound diffuser are used. This helps to achieve a sound space that is neutral. Diffusers are usually made of foam but could be made of other materials as well. Diffusers have congregated designs in order to absorb as well as disperse sound waves from the surface. This is akin to how radiators disperse as well as diffuse heat. Diffusers are used to disperse the sound waves. These are sent to a frequency where it can be barely heard and allows a more balanced acoustic environment to be created.
How acoustic settings are created
The materials that are used in a space or a room like a recording studio helps to define the effects that would be produced by sounds. Two rooms which are identical in size and shape, but have different building materials will usually see different sound behaviors. The sound needs to reverberate off the walls and will also be reflected off the material of the walls. These features are put to practice at the time of designing a room for music production like a sound studio. Many interior designers work to create the right settings for a recording studio.